GENERAL CRICKET RULES
The rules in a game are the fundamentals of a game. The rules are made and applied for the fair-play of the game or sport. Moreover, every game or sport consists a bundle of rules. Similarly, the cricket rules are made for the betterment of the sport.
Each rule has its own significance in the game. However, cricket is the most complicated game from inside than it seems to be from outside. It is apt to call it a gentleman’s game. The game of cricket has its own motive to accomplish on the field i.e., to generate a feeling of sportsmanship among players.
Dimensions of the Field
The dimension of the field is the measure of the field and the things inside the field.
- The cricket field is an oval shaped field with varying sizes. Mostly the size in diameter differ from 140m to 150m.
- The match is played in the middle of the field, where there is a playing area known as pitch. The pitch is of 22 yards in length, almost 20m and 10 feet wide, almost 3m stretching between two sets of cricket stumps. They are 28 inches (71 cm) high and 9 inches (about 23 cm) wide.
- The popping crease is 1.22m in front of the bowling crease.
- A 30yard circle is marked inside the field which is used in the powerplay.
RULES INSIDE THE FIELD
- Each team consists of 11 players.
- A bowler bowls 6 fair deliveries to complete an over.
- A pair of umpires and a match referee are the official present in a formal match.
- A batsman gets dismissed if he, on a legal delivery, gets bowled out or gets caught or gets run out or being timed out or stumped or retired out.
A batsman gets bowled out if the ball hits the wicket after the batsman has played the shot.
A player gets caught out when the bowl strikes the bat during the completion of the shot, and gets caught by a fielder, without the ball striking the ground.
A player gets run out, when a batsman tries to take run by running across the crease and the fielder hits the wicket with the ball with the batsman short off popping crease.
When the batsman takes more than three minutes to come out to the field after a batsman has been dismissed, he is timed out.
A player is retired out in test in a test when he retires without the umpire’s permission and does not have the opposing captain’s permission to return after the fall of all wickets.
Another set of rules are
- If the bowl, after the batsman strikes the ball, lands inside the boundary rope is signalled for four runs. If it lands outside the rope gets signalled six runs.
- A total of 1 waist no ball (a full toss above waist). Therefore, the bowler is dismissed from bowling from that match.
- A bouncer (a short-pitched ball over the shoulder) is allowed for a bowler to bowl in an over. The next bouncer would be considered as no ball.
- If a fielder attempts for a run out and the batsman is not out, the ball is still in play and the batsman can take runs. These types of runs are known as overthrow runs.
- If the bails are displaced during an attempt for a run out which leads in the overthrow run. If the fielder has to make an attempt for run out again, he will have to take the wickets out and touch the ball with the wicket in order to dismiss him.
- During the batting powerplay, a maximum of two fielders are allowed outside the 30yard circle and five fielders in case of the bowling powerplay.
POSITIONS FOR FIELDING
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